Definitions provided by:
Psoriasis Glossary

Content provided by: Better Medicine from Healthgrades

Terms used to explain Psoriasis can sometimes be confusing. To help you fully understand the articles and features related to this very important health topic, we have compiled a glossary of terms that can help.

Ankylosing Spondylitis

ankylosing spondylitis
Function: noun
: rheumatoid arthritis of the spine —called also Marie-Strümpell disease, rheumatoid spondylitis

Antibiotic

an*ti*bi*ot*ic
Pronunciation: \-bī-ˈät-ik; -bē-\
Function: adjective
1: tending to prevent, inhibit, or destroy life
2: of or relating to antibiotics or to antibiosis

Biologic

bi*o*log*ic
Pronunciation: \ˌbī-ə-ˈläj-ik\



Function: noun
: a biological product (as a globulin, serum, vaccine, antitoxin, or antigen) used in the prevention or treatment of disease

Chronic

1chron*ic
Pronunciation: \ˈkrän-ik\


Function: adjective

1 a: marked by long duration, by frequent recurrence over a long time, and often by slowly progressing seriousness : not acute <chronic[1] indigestion> <her hallucinations became chronic[1]>
b: suffering from a disease or ailment of long duration or frequent recurrence <a chronic[1] arthritic> <chronic[1] sufferers from asthma>
2 a: having a slow progressive course of indefinite duration used esp. of degenerative invasive diseases, some infections, psychoses, and inflammations <chronic[1] heart disease> <chronic[1] arthritis> <chronic[1] tuberculosis> compare acute 2b(1)
b: infected with a disease-causing agent (as a virus) and remaining infectious over a long period of time but not necessarily expressing symptoms <chronic[1] carriers may remain healthy but still transmit the virus causing hepatitis B>

Coal Tar

coal tar
Pronunciation: \ˈkōl-\


Function: noun
: tar obtained by distillation of bituminous coal and used in the treatment of some skin diseases by direct local application to the skin

Corticosteroid

cor*ti*co*ste*roid
Pronunciation: \ˌkort-i-kō-ˈsti(ə)r-ˌoid also -ˈste(ə)r-\



Function: noun
: any of various adrenal-cortex steroids (as corticosterone, cortisone, and aldosterone) that are divided on the basis of their major biological activity into glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids

Cytokine

cy*to*kine
Pronunciation: \ˈsīt-ə-ˌkīn\


Function: noun
: any of a class of immunoregulatory proteins (as interleukin, tumor necrosis factor, and interferon) that are secreted by cells esp. of the immune system

Flare-up

flare–up
Pronunciation: \-ˌəp\

Function: noun
: a sudden increase in the symptoms of a latent or subsiding disease <a flare-up of malaria>

Lesion

1le*sion
Pronunciation: \ˈlē-zhən\


Function: noun
: an abnormal change in structure of an organ or part due to injury or disease; esp: one that is circumscribed and well defined

Lubricate

lu*bri*cate
Pronunciation: \ˈlü-bri-ˌkāt\


Function: transitive verb
-cat*ed
-cat*ing
: to make smooth, slippery, or oily in motion, action, or appearance <lubricate the eye> <lubricate the skin>

Ointment

oint*ment
Pronunciation: \ˈoint-mənt\



Function: noun
: a salve or unguent for application to the skin; specif: a semisolid medicinal preparation usu. having a base of fatty or greasy material

Phototherapy

pho*to*ther*a*py
Pronunciation: \-ˈther-ə-pē\



Function: noun
pl -pies
: the application of light for therapeutic purposes

Psoriasis

pso*ri*a*sis
Pronunciation: \sə-ˈrī-ə-səs\



Function: noun
pl -a*ses
Pronunciation: \-ˌsēz\

: a chronic skin disease characterized by circumscribed red patches covered with white scales

Learn more: What is Psoriasis?
Psoriatic Arthritis

psoriatic arthritis
Function: noun
: a severe form of arthritis accompanied by inflammation, psoriasis of the skin or nails, and a negative test for rheumatoid factor —called also psoriasis arthropathica

Retinoid

ret*i*noid
Pronunciation: \ˈret-ən-ˌoid\


Function: noun
: any of various synthetic or naturally occurring analogs of vitamin A

Steroid

ste*roid
Pronunciation: \ˈsti(ə)r-ˌoid also ˈste(ə)r-\



Function: noun
: any of numerous natural or synthetic compounds containing a 17-carbon 4-ring system and including the sterols and various hormones and glycosides see anabolic steroid

Systemic

2systemic
Function: noun
: a systemic pesticide

T Cell

T cell
Function: noun
: any of several lymphocytes (as a helper T cell) that differentiate in the thymus, possess highly specific cell-surface antigen receptors, and include some that control the initiation or suppression of cell-mediated and humoral immunity (as by the regulation of T and B cell maturation and proliferation) and others that lyse antigen-bearing cells —called also T lymphocyte, see cytotoxic t cell helper t cell suppressor t cell t4 cell

Topical

top*i*cal
Pronunciation: \ˈtäp-i-kəl\



Function: adjective
: designed for or involving application to or action on the surface of a part of the body <applied a topical anesthetic to numb the skin> <eyedrops used in the topical treatment of glaucoma>

Audio pronunciation for hear it again
Having trouble hearing a pronunciation?
Click here to listen with your default audio player.
© 2011 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Published under license with Merriam-Webster, Inc.

Reference: Skin, Hair and Nails section on Better Medicine


This content is created or selected by the HealthGrades editorial team and is funded by an advertising partner. The content is subject to the HealthGrades medical review process for accuracy, balance and objectivity. The content is not edited or otherwise influenced by the advertisers appearing on this page except with the possible suggestion of the broad topic area. For more information, read the HealthGrades advertising policy.


Did You Know?

View Source

Psoriasis usually starts between ages 15 and 35.

page end test